Top Mountains of the World

A mountain can be defined as a peak which occupies not much space of land but are very pointed due to which they are visible. They are formed from the tectonic forces and by the volcano eruptions. They are also steeper than hills.

These mountains are affected by the action of rivers, glaciers and by natural calamities. And the destruction of the mountains leads to severe harms to the people living around and to the things.

The higher altitudes of mountains help in having colder climate in upper part of the world than the lower part. This also affects the mountains as the cold climate in the night and heat due to sun in the morning provides two different atmospheres for the mountains which leads to the breakage of mountains.

Top Mountains of the World

There are many mountains that famous for their altitudes and some are mentioned below:

Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in the world and also the highest peak of Africa. This volcanic massif is situated in northwestern Tanzania which is near to Kenyan border. This monster peak covers about 80 km. The peak was found by Austrian mountaineer Ludwig Purtscheller and German geographer Hans Meyer in 1889. It is also one of the major climbing destinations of the world. Even one national park is also named on this mountain which is Kilimanjaro national park. This mountain is also the best example of shrinking glaciers and disappearing ice fields. In the foot of this mountain, the cultivation of sunflowers, maize, wheat and beans are done.

Mount Elbrus

Mount Elbrus is also a volcanic mountain and it is situated in southern Russia near to Georgia border. This peak is formed before 2.5 million years. This peak has two summits the first peak is about 18,510 feet high which is known as taller west summit and the second peak is about 18,442 feet high which is known as east summit. This mountain was used for the accommodation of western tourists. This mountain was also converted as troops in battle of Caucasus in World War 2. The authorities were also differed on the basis of their distribution between Asia and Europe and modern authorities that define the continental boundary as the Caucasus watershed.  To reach at the top of this mountain cable cars are also used.

Mount Denali

Mount Denali is about 20,310 feet high which makes it the highest peak of North America region. This mountain is the third highest peak of the world. A national park is also named on the name of this mountain which is Denali national park. In 1896, the name of this mountain was mount McKinley but in 2015 United State department of interior changed its name and named it Mount Denali. It is third most isolated and third most prominent peak of Earth. It is located in Alaska Range which lies in the interior of United States. James Wickersham was the first person who attempted to climb on Mount Denali but due to some reasons he became unsuccessful and then in 1906 Frederick Cook climbed this mountain and created the history.

Mount Aconcagua

Mount Aconcagua is the highest peak outside Asia. This mountain is in the Eastern and the Western hemispheres. The height of this mountain is 22,837 feet and it is situated in Mendoza province, Argentina. This mountain peak is near to Tirich Mia which is 16,520 km away from this mountain. This mountain itself contains a national park whose named is Aconcagua national park. This mountain is easy to climb but only from the northern side. While climbing this mountain, climbers has to  face many cold weather injuries and the most effective thing on this mountain is its altitude sickness which usually prevents climbers from not climbing on this mountain.

Mount Everest

Mount Everest is the highest peak of the Earth and is also known as Himalayas. This mountain has its own mountain range which passes through Nepal and China. Its height is 29,029 feet which was determined in 1955 by an Indian survey. Mount Everest attracts many climbers and motivates them to reach at the top of this mountain once. Basically it has two climbing summits the first one is in Nepal and the second one is in Tibet. This mountain is not only dangerous because of its height but also because climbers used to suffer from wind, altitude sickness, and Khumbu Ice fall. As in 2017, 300 climbers died only because of these causes. The first climbing was marked by a British.

Mount Vinson Massif

Mount Vinson Massif is situated in Antarctica and this mountain is about 1,200 km away from South Pole. This mountain was found by US Navy Aircraft on January 1958. This mountain gets its name from advisory committee on Antarctic names. This mountain is about 16,000 feet high and it is one of the highest mountains of Antarctica. This mountain was climbed by an American in 1966 whose name was Nicolas Clinch. The temperature on this mountain is controlled by Ice Cap’s high pressure system.

Mount Puncak Jaya

Mount Puncak Jaya was situated in Indonesia and is about 16,024 feet high and Puncak Jaya is the highest peak of Indonesia and also it is the Fifth highest peak in political Southeast Asia. It is the highest part that lies between Andes and Himalayas. Climbing on this mountain is bit easy because the temperature on its summits is bearable and that’s why this mountain peak is the most demanding peak for climbers.

These were some of the famous mountains that possess higher altitudes and are also the dream for many climbers to climb on them and create histories. Mountains not only add beauty to the nature but also provide many things and add things to the environment.

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